types of paper stock
Book Printing Cost, Book production, Cost, Design, Self Publishing

How to Choose the Best Paper Stock for Your Book’s Interior

What paper should I use for the interior of my book?

With the amount of time it takes to write, edit and perfect a book, it’s easy to understand why paper stock is a commonly overlooked aspect of book making. In addition to pricing, paper stock plays an important role in how a reader approaches your book.

The best way to understand paper stock is to divide it into categories. In this blog, we’ll be looking at the paper stocks commonly used by industry book printers for interior pages.

interior-paper-stock-book-printing

Coated Paper vs. Uncoated Paper

One of the first choices authors are faced with when choosing a paper stock is coated versus uncoated. As the name suggests, coated paper is paper that has been coated with a mixture of materials or a polymer. With toner-based printers, the image quality of coated and uncoated paper is virtually the same.

Depending on the type of coating, coated paper can take on a number of textures and finishes but in most cases will have a less porous, waxier surface than standard, uncoated paper. Common finishes include:

  • Dull: Also known silk, dull coating is a non-reflective finish that gives your pages a softer look and feel.
  • Glossy: This reflective coating can add a level of pop to images in color, making it a great option for art or photography books.

However, coated paper also has its drawbacks. Coated paper does not adhere well to the standard adhesive used in softcover book binding. A somewhat more expensive PUR adhesive option must be used. The weight of the book can also become a factor. Typically, using a coated sheet will add about 30% to the overall weight of the book making it more expensive to ship as well as slightly more awkward in the reader’s hands  Additionally, coated paper’s somewhat reflective surface makes it both difficult to write on and hard to read in harsh lighting due to glare.

Uncoated paper, on the other hand, is the popular choice for softcovers (paperbacks) and most text-based books, such as novels, textbooks and journals. This option imparts a more traditional look and feel to your pages. Uncoated paper typically offers a wide range of textures and colors to choose from and is the best option if you intend readers to write or make notes in your book.

White Paper vs. Natural Paper

Many people assume that paper is naturally white; however, this is not the case. The wood pulp commonly used to make paper undergoes a bleaching process, which determines the color and brightness of the paper. Brightness refers to amount of incident light reflected from paper under normal lighting conditions.

Most printers will offer both white and natural uncoated paper options. Also known as “warm white,” natural paper is a minimally bleached paper type that appears cream in color. This is a great choice for authors wanting to convey a softer or historical feeling with their books.

Alternatively, the color of white paper can be compared to that of the copy paper used by most home printers. This paper color provides the most contrast for black/white text, making it a popular color choice for most books today.

types of paper stock

Choosing Your Paper Weight

For the purposes of book printing, uncoated paper is typically offered in weights between 50lb and 80lb. For reference, 50lb uncoated paper can be compared to the weight of standard 20lb bond copy paper used at home. Deciding the best paper weight for your book depends on a number of factors:

  • 50lb Uncoated: At the lowest weight, 50lb uncoated paper is the best option for conserving spine width and thickness. This weight is commonly used in textbooks, manuals or books with ~600+ pages.
  • 60lb Uncoated: This weight is the most popular paper stock choice and often considered the “sweet spot” for most books. 60lb paper is strong enough to protect your book and flexible enough to be held comfortably for long periods at a time.
  • 70lb Uncoated: Being slightly more opaque than traditional stock, 70lb paper helps prevent your book’s content from being seen through your pages. This is especially useful for books with a lot of color images.
  • 80lb Uncoated: Typically the thickest option available, this sturdy weight paper should be considered for image-heavy books with low page counts, such as photography and art books. However, books using this weight will be slightly stiffer and more difficult to hold open.

Coated paper is usually offered in 80lb or 100lb options. As with uncoated paper, the best choice is determined by the intended purpose of the book. Lower weights offer higher flexibility and reduced thickness. Higher weights increase both your pages’ opacity and durability.

Other Considerations

In addition to the above qualities, you may also want to consider:

  • Sourcing: More and more book authors are looking for printers that use responsibly sourced paper. Consider choosing a paper stock that is either Forest Stewardship Council (FSC) Certified, Sustainable Forestry Initiative (SFI) Certified, or Rainforest Alliance Certified.
  • Acid-free: In the past, the acidic qualities of the wood pulp used to make paper caused pages to naturally yellow and deteriorate over time. Today’s paper is in most cases acid-free due to a shift in the fillers used in the paper making process. Average paper grade has a life expectancy of 500 years. Higher grades of acid-free paper, sometimes known as archival quality paper, have a life expectancy of 1000 years. Paper at this level will often be made from acid-free cotton pulp.

Knowing more about paper types allows authors to be creative with their choices. Take a few minutes to explore the custom options available in our quote generator to see styles and pricing for your next book.

Contact us to request a free paper sample booklet

How to pick a book size
Book Printing Cost, Book production, Cost, Design, Page Layout, Pre Press

How to Pick a Book Size for Your Genre

Printing a book takes a lot of decisions. What will your cover look like? What font will your book be printed in? How will your characters escape their fate?

how-to-pick-a-book-size

There is one question, however, that authors often forget to ask themselves until their book is ready to go into production: what SIZE will my book be?

Trim size affects not only the price of your book but also how your readers will perceive and handle your book. Your readers will have a preconceived notion of what kind of book they are about to read based on the page count and size.

What book sizes are best suited for my genre?

While book size is largely a matter of preference, below are some of the most common genre and book size pairings.

5_5x8_55.5 x 8.5” – Pocketbooks, Travel books, Novellas

If you intend your reader to travel with your book, 5.5 x 8.5” is a convenient size for readers to fit in a purse or briefcase. This is also a great size for books with shorter word counts, as it will increase your overall page count.

Genres that work great as 5.5 x 8.5” include business guides, thrillers/mysteries, self-help books and instruction guides.

6x96 x 9” – Paperbacks, Novels, Anthologies

6 x 9” is one of the most traditional and well recognized trim sizes. This is your “standard” book size, great for paperbacks and softcover novels. It is also one of our most popular sizes, chosen by many first-time and independently published authors.

It would be hard to find a genre that doesn’t work well as a 6 x 9”. Popular choices include sci-fi, memoir, spiritual and both general fiction and non-fiction.

8_5x118.5 x 11” – Workbooks, Textbooks, Histories

If you have a book with a lot of content, 8.5 x 11” is a great size choice to reduce your page count. It also gives your pages a lot of room to show off charts, tables and photographs. Most document editors are also set up for 8.5 x 11”, making this a convenient size when preparing your files for print.

Popular genres for 8.5 x 11” include school textbooks, ancestry books, family history books and picture books.

11x8_511 x 8.5” – Art books, Photo journals, Children’s books.

If you’re looking for a size that will help your book stand out, consider a landscape trim size. Landscape books are often intended to be put on display, such as coffee-table books. This size also works really well for books with multiple columns.

11 x 8.5” is a great choice for books that want to showcase their artwork, including children’s books, photography books and artist portfolios.

How do these trim sizes affect my final cost?

Paper is commonly bought as what is known as a parent size. Two common parent sizes are 25 x 38” and 23 x 35”.

For example, if your book is 5.5 x 8.5”, it would likely be printed on stock that started as 23 x 35”. If the book is 6 x 9”, it was likely instead printed from a 25 x 38” parent size. These sizes give you the best cut out with the least amount of waste to still allow for finish trimming.

So what if your desired size is 6 x 8.5”? This would then mean your book would be printed from the 25 x 38” parent size, creating the possibility for additional charges for a non-standard size. This might not be the case if your book is printed on different equipment or if the bindery is able to adjust to a non-standard size without time loss.

Check with your book printer before you do the final page layout to find the most cost-effective approach for your book.

Check out these other helpful self-publishing guides for how to pick the size of your book:

BookCover Cafe

The Book Designer

About Us, Book Printing Cost, Cost, Self Publishing

DIY Quoting is Easier than Ever!

Need pricing on a short run of hardcover books? How about a square perfect bound book, or a landscape spiral-bound cookbook? Our new Quote Generator has more options and can price your custom book printing project instantly.

Take Advantage of Instant Pricing

We know that making the decision about where to print your book project is a big one, and we want to help you decide. Your time is valuable, too. That’s why we’ve upgraded our Quote Generator to put more versatile pricing right at your fingertips! Now you can compare pricing for all of our binding styles and paper stocks, trim sizes from 4×5” to 8.5×11” in portrait or landscape, design services, eBooks, and more without entering your personal information.

New Quote Generator
Click “Get Started” to price hardcover books, custom trim sizes, and a variety of paper stocks

Taking the Next Step

You’ve browsed our website, priced your project on our Quote Generator, and decided that Gorham Printing’s short run book printing and design services are the right fit for your needs. What’s the next step?

When you’re ready to save a quote for later, learn shipping estimates, or place an order, enter your demographic information to set up an account. Your information is safe with us, and we never sell it to third parties or use it to spam you. From this portal, you can create and save an unlimited number of quotes for future reference, get shipping estimates, track current orders, manage reprints, and make deposits or final payments with all major credit cards.

We are extremely excited to unveil the latest version of the Quote Generator. If you have any questions or concerns about your experience with our pricing tools, do not hesitate to give us a call. Kamra, Alison, and the rest of the front office crew are here to help!

Happy Quoting!

About Us, Additional Services, Book Printing Cost, Cost, Self Publishing

eBook Options at Gorham Printing

Did you know that we not only produce printed books of exceptional quality, but eBook files as well? Read on to learn more about Gorham Printing’s eBook services!

Files & Pricing

The two eBook files types are EPUB and MOBI. The MOBI is the file that runs exclusively on the Amazon Kindle and can be sold on Amazon. The EPUB can run on all other tablets and e-readers and can be sold through online venues such as Barnes & Noble.

Our eBook pricing is a simple formula based on the final page count of your print file. For $1.70 per page plus a $70 flat fee, we will submit your print file to our preferred conversion company to be set up in both EPUB and MOBI file types.

Note that in some cases, particularly for children’s books, only EPUB “fixed layout” output is possible. Despite the single file type output, these conversions can often be more complex and result in a higher cost than anticipated. If we learn your conversion cost will be higher than the price our formula calculates, we will notify you as soon as possible so you can decide if you’d like to proceed.

What’s the Process?

When you submit an order with an eBook included, your eBook conversion will not begin until you approve your proofs for the final production of your print books. When we receive your signed approval for the print books, we will submit your print file for conversion within several business days. We will learn the firm price for conversion at this time, and be in touch if the conversion service reports any unexpected prices or foresees any problems with your book’s ability to become an eBook.

The conversion process takes two to three weeks from the date we submit your file to the conversion service. Once we receive your EPUB and MOBI files from the conversion service, we send them right to you.

Where can I sell my eBook?

Once you have eBook files, you can set them up for sale on Amazon’s Kindle Direct Publishing (KDP), Barnes & Noble Nook Press, or through a personal website.

A note on how to price your eBook: Amazon will give you a 70% royalty if you price your book between $2.99 and $9.99. If you price your book outside these parameters, you’ll get a 35% royalty. Barnes & Noble’s royalty is always 65%.

You can add an eBook to your order in our Quote Generator.

As always, the friendly staff at Gorham Printing is here to take your call and answer any questions you might have.